Best internet providers in Alberta

Best internet providers in Alberta

Canada isn’t known for having the best internet in the world, but examining the services offered by internet providers in Alberta will still reveal a few decent ones. When examining the different service providers, make sure to carefully study the fine print in order to avoid finding yourself under a contract that’s not to your liking.

The list of top providers

TekSavvy Solutions: Many regard this ISP as one of the best service providers, if not the very best. The internet speed they offer isn’t among the best, but their prices are decent and their bandwith options should cover the needs of many.

Velcom: Another large ISP, Velcom is has its competitors beat in many regards. Undoubtedly among the top internet providers in Alberta, Velcom offers the option of unlimited internet as well as much faster speeds than many, going up to 25MB.read latest news!

Unmetered.ca: While fairly popular, Unmetered’s prices are a bit steeper than those of other ISPs and they have also recently reached capacity in Burnaby. They also offer no webspace whatsoever, which could be an issue for some users.

Montreal-DSL: Contrary to what their name might suggest, Montreal-DSL readily offers their servics to citizens of Alberta. This ISP boasts several affordable unlimited plans, something that not every Canadian service provider can claim. Their speed can also reach a whopping 150MB, which is far above most other ISPs. However, it could be worthy of note that they only offer 10 unique IPs per months, as opposed to the 999 that many other companies do.

Slamhang: A smaller internet service provider with reasonable prices and unlimited plans available. While they recently increased their internet caps in some areas free of charge, the speed they offer isn’t exactly the best, with plans generally having a 5M download speed. While the addition of a webspace is welcome and the lack of need for contract is a nice plus, they have not made it known how many unique IPs every user gets per month.

Distributel: Last on this list but far from the least, the speeds Distributel offers can reach up to 60MB. The lack of a webspace offered is made up by the fact that many of their packages offer unlimited internet, with reasonable prices throughout.

Doing research before making a decision

There are many other internet providers in Alberta that weren’t listed but still offer great service. Changing between internet service providers can be a hassle, so look to do as much research as possible when choosing one.

Best internet providers in Alberta

This stands especially true for those ISPs that require you to sign a contract that could oblige you for 6 months even longer. Before putting your name on the dotted line, make sure you know exactly what they offer.read more from http://mobilesyrup.com/2015/04/06/telus-alberta-canada-4g-lte-4-2-billion/

If you find yourself unsure on how well the services of an ISP will suit you, go for one that lets you avoid a contract. A lot of internet providers in Alberta offer no-contract services for a lengthy period of time, which should allow you to gauge the quality of the internet, whether the packages deliver as promised and how good their customer support is.

Learn How to Be Groomed Online and Get the Best Electric Shavers Online

Staying groomed is hard work, especially these days where women have to shave just about every bit of their bodies to be accepted into society. Luckily the internet is making it easy for you to pick up on the best techniques for staying groomed and you can find just about any hair removal product online that will help you save a lot of time and money while you maintain your feminine look.  One of the best pieces of equipment that can help you look fantastic all the time is an electric shaver and you can also find the best shaving tips online that will ensure that your skin is smooth and bump free at all times.

Learn How to Be Groomed Online and Get the Best Electric Shavers Online

Why you should be using an electric shaver instead

An electric shaver is one of the best grooming essentials that you definitely need to invest in if you want to maintain a terrific look at all times.  Some of the top benefits of using an electric shaver instead of normal razors are;

Save time – Shaving with an electric shaver is much faster than using traditional razors.

Save money – When you have your own set of electric shavers you never have to visit a salon for a wax or bikini wax which allows you to save a lot of money.

Less bumps – Electric shavers causes a lot less ingrown hairs and rashes than traditional razors.

Be more mobile – Most modern shavers can be used with water and on dry skin which is terrific if you need to get your legs shaved in a hurry.

Check out reviews to get the best electric shavers

To find the best electric shaver for women online, you should check out some reviews.  Reviews are always terrific for teaching you all the pros and cons of an electric shaver and you will learn which ones will be more suitable for you and for your budget.  When you check out some of the products reviews you will be sure that the electric shaver is of good quality and you will get the most functionality for your money.

Learn great shaving tips online

Shaving techniques are always useful whether you are shaving with a razor or with an electric shaver.  Women have different skin types and each woman reacts differently to hair removal products and hair removal techniques.  If you are getting razor rash or bumps from your then it is time to check out some different techniques on how to shave with an electric shaver so you could perhaps eliminate the bumps while you continue to use your money saving electric shaver.

Buy other products online to make shaving better

Your electric shaver will probably work a lot better if you exfoliate or use baby powder on your skin before shaving. Exfoliating greatly prevents razor rash and baby powder can prevent a whole lot of ingrown hairs and bumps so be sure to include these two products to your online shopping basket while you are shopping for your electric shaver.

Choosing the Right Tool to Create Delicious Smoothies

Browsing the vast world of the internet can be a tiresome feat. Sometimes it is good to take a break and enjoy the simpler things in life. However, for those busy souls, it is much better to grab a quick refreshing drink and waste no valuable internet time in between. And of course, drinks can’t get any better than a tall, cool glass of fruit smoothie. Mixed with ice-cream, milk or yogurt, fruit smoothie can prove itself to be the ultimate refreshment, especially for nonstop internet users. In all instances and purposes, you can opt to view the top 10 smoothie makers to gain a good idea on what to use to make your grand smoothies. However, if you need a prior introduction to smoothie makers or blenders, read on.

Choosing the Right Tool to Create Delicious Smoothies

Blender? Juicer? Smoothie Maker?

The choice between these three can be incredibly difficult for those lacking experience in the smoothie department. A blender, which is usually in the shape of a jug, is an all-around instrument that can make sauces and soups as well. Their basic function is to mix a bunch of ingredients and churn them into a liquid or a paste form. Blenders are among the most common forms of kitchen tools and are seen in almost all households.

Despite what might be expected, there is very little to differentiate juicers from smoothie makers. Juicers have the specific role of extracting the juice from the fruit’s pulp, thus forming a clear fluid that is drinkable without added preservatives. Smoothie makers accomplish the same goal, but has a tap with the main structure which can easily pour out the juice. While this one added element may seem enough to make smoothie makers superior to juicers, many consider the tap to be a novelty at best.

Smoothie makers also have a few more disadvantages, namely slow-running taps in some models, along with being comparably more uncommon in availability. However, the main disadvantages are shared by juicers as well. Juicers cannot handle soft fruits too well, and usually cannot create juices with thick texture. They are also quite big in size and is known for being quite hard to manage and clean.

Blenders standing tall?

This leaves the jug blenders, arguably the best out of the bunch. The sheer versatility provided by blenders is enough to put them ahead of the competition, especially in the amount of creative products one can make using them. Blenders have the additional ability of crushing or chopping ice, and can utilize the addition of milk or nuts to the fruit juice it can create. While finding the right balance of ingredients for the perfect consistency can be a very tricky matter to manage, the end-all be-all aspect of blenders cannot be overlooked.

Smoothies are meant to be make you feel good, so you should choose the best possible smoothie maker or blender to make your desired drink. If you are still having trouble considering the right option, go to http://www.which.co.uk/reviews/blenders/article/blender-juicer-or-smoothie-maker to learn more. Sometimes, you just need to sit back, relax, and take a long sip of a cold, delicious glass of smoothie.

Maximizing the Speed of Your Internet

You have already used the Internet for a wide variety of purposes. You have used it in order to search for the right information regarding the things that you have to know about. You may have used it intensely the other day to search for stethoscope for hearing impaired doctors because you need it for your profession.

 

As much as possible, you want everything to be fast and available with just a simple click of your mouse button. When the Internet loads and you cannot watch videos as fast as you would like them to, this can make things harder for you. Would you like to know different ways on how you can maximize and increase the speed of your Internet? There are some things that you can do.

 

Run A Speed Test

If you would like to know how fast your Internet is running, first make sure that you know the maximum speed that your Internet connection can do. There are some websites online that will allow you to check your Internet speed. There are times when multiple tests will be done before you will get to know your Internet speed.

Internet Speed Checker

Reset Your Modem

If you have not restarted your modem for the longest time, this may be one of the reasons why your Internet is not as fast as it should be. You may always reset it. This will allow you to clean up data from your Internet provider. There are times when after resetting your modem [check this tutorial: http://www.centurylink.com/help/help/index.php?assetid=193], you will see that the modem is already downloading the update that it needs in order to be faster and better in providing the Internet connection that you desire.

 

Check if there are things that may be causing interference

There are moments when you may have some items inside your home that is causing your wireless connection to be slow. If you have a microwave then you may note some interference when you are using your wireless connection. This is also the same when you are using your cell phone so make sure that you will eliminate the interference to maximize the Internet speed.

 

You may also want to check all of the devices that are connecting with your modem. There is a possibility that someone unauthorized was able to connect to your modem even if you have a password. When this happens, change your password and you may also block the device so it will not be able to connect again.

 

If in case you do not see anything wrong with the devices that you have at home but your Internet speed is still very slow, you may want to think about the last time that you have paid your bills. If you have already paid for your bills then you can contact your Internet service provider and ask them if their system is down because you are having problems with your Internet speed.

 

When you choose the right Internet provider, this will not be a problem for you. It will make sure that you will have high speed connection each time so that you can check the details that you need whenever you would need it.

Trampolines for Kids – What to Consider While Making Your Purchase on the Internet

Playing on a trampoline is much the same as some other game or action that children appreciate doing. The best ones bring a ton of fun; it resembles playing label, riding a bicycle, or playing T-ball. But on the other hand there’s the genuine danger that some children will get hurt.

With the advancement in Internet speeds and online marketplaces, it has become much easier to just make the purchase online instead of going out to buy the product. While purchasing a trampoline for kids online, there are various factors that need to be considered while making your purchase.

Frequently the best choice is to instruct the youngster at an early stage, with the goal that they can get accustomed to it and figure out how to tail all the security rules. That is the reason, in case you’re wanting to one day purchase the best trampoline for children, you might need to begin them youthful and get the best baby trampoline for your minimal one.

Trampolines for Kids – What to Consider While Making Your Purchase on the Internet

We should first discuss how you can locate the best trampoline model for your little one. There are a huge number of components to consider, yet clearly a few variables are of more noteworthy significance than others; especially when the product is to be bought online.

Size

This is the primary thought for two principle reasons. It must be sufficiently little for your baby, with the goal that they don’t hop everywhere. They can figure out how to stay inside a very much characterized region while bouncing to their heart’s substance.

The size is likewise vital in light of the fact that more often than not you’ll use it inside. It’s an extraordinary toy for dynamic little children. It beyond any doubt beats circling playing tag with your kid, which can make you insane before long.

Likewise, there’s dependably a chance that you’ll need to put it out in the yard when the climate is great. So it ought to be little and sufficiently light that it won’t take more than two individuals to convey it starting with one place then onto the next.

Security

With regards to security, there are a few diverse components to consider. The trampoline ought to have a handlebar, which ought to be secure in its place. At that point it ought to be exceptionally steady. You don’t need your children to all of a sudden tip over, which is exceptionally conceivable with little children playing in a trampoline that is insecure. You additionally need to keep an eye out for any holes, sharp edges or hard surfaces.

To guarantee the wellbeing of a trampoline, you’ll have to take a gander at client audits to perceive how they truly hold up. You ought to likewise search for security affirmations.

Style

Youngsters can be extremely finicky with respect to how their toys look. By and large, they don’t need unpretentious and downplayed hues. Rather, it ought to look happy and sprightly. Heaps of brilliant hues are vital, so that their eyes would illuminate with merriment just by taking a look at the trampoline for kids. Drawings and cartoonish pictures are extraordinary, as are themes.

Sturdiness

Kids can be no picnic for toys, so your trampoline ought to have the capacity to handle all their vitality. Despite the fact that a trampoline for children is much similar to a lodging—your tyke will exceed it soon enough—this component becomes an integral factor when you have a few youthful children. That way you can go on the toy to a much more youthful youngster when alternate has outgrown it.

Falling In Love with Embroidery

Still stammer, stumble and falter when someone asks you what your favorite past time activity is? With adventurous hobbies, like canoeing, hiking, trekking, paragliding; sewing can appear something from the Victorian era. However, while it will not give you an adrenaline rush, the world of sewing offers you a chance at art, at creating and admiring your own masterpieces especially a piece of embroidery. While it could appear a little daunting at first, mastering embroidery may have just become easier with the availability of the many different machines available in the market today.

Falling In Love with Embroidery

To begin with, one cannot hit two birds with a single stone, meaning a sewing machine will not suffice to fulfill the purpose of embroidery stitching. The market offers varieties of machines of many different brands, starting from computerized ones to ones containing preprogramed embroidery patterns, which just means “with many options, come many confusing decisions”. While, you have to remember that it is good to aspire high, it is also necessary to be realistic. This helps to narrow down the options considerably, as a newbie you should look into embroidery machines for beginners.

Why these Machines are Fabulous

These modern embroidery machines are extraordinary. They come with preloaded designs and you can even program your customized designs into them. The embroidery unit automatically moves the hoop and embroiders the design. Whereas, doing the same thing on a sewing machine would be frustrating and exhausting, not to mention it might not even be possible at times.

The embroidery machine allows one to try their hands at protruding letter embroidery all by oneself using the puffy foam embroidery technique. Once the embroidery is completed, trim the thread and foam, take them out by weeding, and remove the letter holes to obtain a professional finish.

One can also do embroidery on difficult surfaces such as on towels and denims. These embroidery machines allow basting stitch files and motifs to work on difficult surfaces. You can even do appliqué work using these machines. However, appliqué work requires high tension on the clothes and it is suggested to keep the hoops large with enough space to move around.

The embroidery needle’s eyes are usually larger compared to usual needles, to allow easy passage of the delicate threads. The threads are suppose to unwind in a straight manner, but if the cone or spool orientation is wrong in the machine, then twisting of the threads may occur. This may lead to repeated breaking of the threads and bird nests in the embroidery.

With all the hassle and bustle in our busy lives, it is only natural for one to crave some mental peace. Sewing/Embroidery provides just the perfect retreat from your busy schedules. It not only allows “me-time” but also brings out the creativity within a person. Just like all other hobbies and art; patience, persistence and practice will lead to perfection. With, an informative handbook, YouTube tutorials and Google, one really has no excuse to not delve into the world of embroidery.

Unplug from the Internet and Treat Yourself to a Vacation

 

Everyone needs the occasional break from work, technology and life.  Even the toughest of online gamers and the most addicted of internet junkies should make time to get away as often as they can.  It would be good if you could get out of your home, routine and surroundings at least once a month because a quick break can help you reset your line of focus and will reduce a lot of life and work stress.  But it can also be incredibly expensive to get away that often since most luxury holiday places charge quite a bit.

 

Find cheaper holiday areas so you can get away more often

The whole goal of getting away is so you can take a break from technology, the internet, work, family and other demanding aspects of your life.  It doesn’t help much to go to a hotel that provides WIFI to which you can simply connect and enjoy.  When you are looking for a holiday destination, look for something minimalist.  That way you can get away more often and give your mind a deserving break from overloading and your heart a break from social influence. One of the best holidays to look out for is a place close to a lake, pond, dam or river because water creates a sense of calm and provides a great variety of activities that you can enjoy while you are there.

 

The best gear to jazz up any cheap holiday

Just because your holidays are affordable doesn’t mean that they have to be dull.  There is plenty of gear that you can stock up on to make all of your future trips more exciting.  Here is some of the best gear to make any holiday more exciting;

Inflatable Kayak – An inflatable kayak is an absolute must for anyone who wants to be flexible and make the most out of their holidays.  They fit comfortably in even the smallest of vehicles and can provide endless hours of fun on any lake, dam or river.  One of the best kayaks that you can have a look at is the Intex Mariner 4.  This fantastic kayak is one of the highest recommended kayaks because it is safe, durable, stable and comes in a full set with everything you need.

Foldable cooler – These coolers are waterproof and will keep all of your drinks nice and chilled no matter where you journey to.  What more could anyone need to relax than an ice cold drink and great scenery?

Quad bike – Quad bikes are great for holidays because you can enjoy rough terrains and use it as transportation for all of your scenery and expeditions.  The only downside is that you will need to haul it everywhere you want to go on a trailer.

Music instrument – There are campfire nights and there are great campfire nights and a music instrument is all you need to make a difference between the two.  A guitar will keep you busy, entertain everyone and transform every single evening into a positive and fun journey.

Use the Internet to Find the Best Information on Water Softeners

It is important to research products before you purchase them for your home, especially if you are going to be consuming these products.  Water softeners are no different.  You have to do proper research when you are looking for the best water softener for your home because there are four major different types of water softeners and several different brands that offer different features.  Luckily the internet is making it super easy for you to find the best water softener because you can check out some water softener reviews and find more information on different brands so you can find the right water softener for your home.  The reviews will help you choose a system that works best for your family, has low maintenance requirements and is easy to install.

Use the Internet to Find the Best Information on Water Softeners

Remember to consider the results of different softeners

Hard water causes a lot of stains on your glassware, tubs, toilets, sinks, chrome items and can be quite terrible for your health because your hair can fall out and your skin will get terrible pigmentation marks.  You should have a look at the purification results of these water softeners so you will be sure that the system you are investing in will remove all chemicals so your water will be softer. Some softeners cleans the water so good you can use the water for drinking while others are not quite suitable for drinking.

Find out how you can save time with a water softener

It is unbelievable how many people struggle with hard water.  Just search the term ‘hard water’ on Google and you will find an unlimited source of articles about how to remove soap scum, how to remove hard water stains from glassware, how to remove hard water stains from chrome and much more.  You will also find a very long list of ‘how to’ for getting brilliant white teeth since hard water is staining so many people’s teeth.  You can eliminate the need for all of these articles or at least make sure that you don’t have to spend any time on topics like how to get your tub clean because you simply won’t have to do these things.  A water softener will ensure that all your tubs, glassware and chrome ware are crystal clean and sparkly at all times.

Research hard water and soft water

When you research the differences between hard water and soft water online, it will become crystal clear that a water softener is an absolute must for your home.  You will be saving a lot of time on cleaning, you will be much healthier, your home’s tap water will taste fantastic and you don’t have to put in a lot of effort to get all of these benefits because the water softener will do all the hard work for you.  It is time to transform the way you live and invest in a water softener so you can actually enjoy your off tie at home.

Protect Your Eyes from CVS When You Are Constantly Using the Internet

The internet is fantastic for improving medical technology and practices because medical professionals from all over the world is finally working together to develop medical science and treatments and these medical treatments are shared across the globe to help save thousands of others.  There is, however one great disadvantage that the internet has on your personal health and that is CVS.

What is CVS?

CVS or Computer Vision Syndrome is a series of eye problems that result from sitting in front of a computer for long periods of time or by using electronic gear such as TV sets, tabs and smartphones.  The more time you spend on these devices, the more severe the damage to your eyes will become and the harder it will be to restore the affects. CVS contains symptoms such as blurred vision, double vision, headaches, eye elasticity problems and much more.

Protect Your Eyes from CVS When You Are Constantly Using the Internet

How to cure CVS?

Consultation – The first step you need to take if you think that your eyes are weakening because of your computer is to seek professional help to determine the extent of the damage to your eyes.  Sugar Land eye doctors can do a professional eye test to determine what problems you have with your eyes and can then make the best recommendations that will suit your budget.

Specs – Specs are the most commonly used eye treatment because it is affordable and provides the needed vision to improve your life quality.  Online workers love specs because they can take them off whenever they leave their desks and enjoy the best eye protection for when they are using computers.

Contact lenses – Contact lenses are easy to use and can restore your vision all day so you can use any device at any time or place and be completely protected.

LASIK surgery – LASIK surgery can restore the damage done to your eyes but only certain problems are treatable and the surgery can be quite expensive.

How to prevent CVS?

If you are spending a lot of time on electronic devices then CVS is basically inevitable but you can control the extent of the damage by implementing a few simple techniques such as;

Adjust monitor brightness – You should adjust the brightness of your monitor or electronic device so it is not too bright to cause you to squint.  The darker it is around you, the dimmer your monitor settings should be.

Distance yourself – You should add some distance between the screen and your eyes

Posture – The right posture and work area will help you limit the extent of damage to your eyes because you won’t be leaning forward to see well.

Limit your usage – It is important to take frequent breaks to allow your eyes to rest and to get in a lot of fresh air so your eyes can breathe.  Professionals say that you need to give your eyes a 20 second break every 20 minutes by looking out the window for a while.

How to lose those stubborn patches of fat that have plagued for years

When it comes to losing fat in stubborn places, it seems like it’s a constant battle to keep it off for good. It is very common to hear women talking about how they want to lose a few more pounds in certain problem areas, such as fat on your face, such as the type that can be found at http://kneefat.com/how-to-lose-fat-in-your-face/. Most people constantly yo-yo back and forth between weights, meaning that they can never find a constant level where they are happy for a prolonged period of time.

This is due to a number of different reasons, one of the main ones being that they are utilising fat burning techniques that are not sustainable in the long run, leading to them going back to their old ways and putting the weight back on nearly immediately. Worry not; there are actually a number of different sustainable ways in which you can keep that stubborn fat off, once and for all. Continue reading below to find out how.

How to lose those stubborn patches of fat that have plagued for years

Be constantly on the move

While some people may not think that you can burn much fat by simply walking around and moving in general. If you constantly build up the amount of activity you do throughout the day, you are only going to go down in the scales.

Visceral fat is lost effectively by doing prolonged cardio exercise, so make sure that you put in place certain times of the day for this type of exercise. Adding extra walks into your daily routine is very useful; you should walk to the gym or to the shops instead of driving and so on. Any cardio activities such as running, swimming and cycling will help to burn off fat in no time.

Make sure that you keep your nutrition dialled in while still being sustainable

Perhaps the most important part of the puzzle is your nutrition. When you are eating surplus calories to your body’s requirements each day, you are constantly adding more and more layers of fat. You need to ensure that you are in a deficit of calories for a day, but it doesn’t have to be too drastic. Some people try to severely reduce their calories, leading to them starving and actually going into fat saving mode which is counterproductive.

Instead, you can drop your calories into a deficit of about 300 calories to lose steady fat over a few weeks. Focus on eating less carbs and more protein, as this will keep you fuller for longer. Healthy fats can be useful snacks throughout the day, also increasing your levels of satiety.

Don’t forget about what you drink

One of the most important areas that people often overlooked when they are trying to shift those stubborn parts of fat, are the drinks that they are consuming. You should be consuming predominantly water, instead of fruit and soda drinks that are packed full of sugar and other damaging preservatives.

Deal With a Honey Bee Infestation the Right Way

Bee infestations can be terrifying, especially if you are allergic to these majestic little creatures.  Bee’s stings are terribly painful and cause rashes on your skin.  Bees are small creatures that will build their hives in any safe location and the rooftops and warehouses of houses are the perfect location in the eyes of a bee.  A colony of over a hundred bees in your home’s roof is no joke and has to be dealt with or you risk getting stung or attacked by the swarm.

Deal With a Honey Bee Infestation the Right Way

The right way to deal with bees

The best way you can have a bee swarm removed from your home without obtaining any injuries is by getting the help of professional pest control agencies.  These pest control professionals will do proper investigations to see what the extent of the infestation is and can provide you with either a bee relocation or extermination solution.  Click here to find out what the average cost is to get bee’s relocated or exterminated at your home.

Fun bee facts

Before you go all military style on the honey bee infestation that you have in your shed or rooftop, you should read up a bit more about these glorious creatures that have been around for millions of years.

  • Honey bees are vital to our world for pollination. They are mainly the reason you are able to enjoy fruits and vegetables.
  • Honey bees is the only insect to produce food that is consumable by humans and the honey contains enzymes, vitamins, minerals, water and is the only food that contains pinocembrin, an antioxidant that improves brain function
  • These bees have 170 odorant receptors compared to only 79 in mosquitos which increases their abilities to locate pollen
  • Honey bee wings provide 200 beats per second which causes their distinct buzzing sound when they fly about. They can fly up to 15 miles per hour.
  • Every bee produces 1/12th teaspoon of honey in its lifetime, which makes you wonder how many bees it took to fill one bottle of honey.
  • A hive of bees will fly 90 000 miles (an average of three times around the world) to produce one kilogram of honey.

These are just a few interesting honey bee facts to help you make a better decision when you are faced with a honey bee infestation.

Relocate rather than exterminate

Honey bees have an irreplaceable value in our natural world and it is every person’s duty to do their best to get bees relocated instead of simply exterminating them.  Entire colonies of bees can be relocated quite successfully but the removal process might be a bit difficult depending on where the bee’s decided to build their hive.  The best way to get bees relocated is to get a professional to do so.  Professional pest control companies have the right gear to get the bees removed from your home.  The methods for bee removal usually involve moving the hive to a sealable bee crate.  Once all the bees have successfully adapted to the new location of the hive, the pest control personnel will usually wait till after dark to close the crate and move the bees to a safer and better environment.

1 2 3